Agricultural farm plow
Shaw Galleries

Agricultural Implements, circa 1880

Regular price $30.00
Agricultural Implements, circa 1880
This print was published in The National Encyclopaedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge, by William Mackenzie. The encyclopedia was comprised of fourteen volumes and was sold on a subscription basis. Shown in this print are the old Norfolk plough, the improved Norfolk plough, Lord Somerville's double plough, and three types of furrows. 
Ploughs have been a standard tool used by farmers for centuries. The earliest depictions of ploughs can be found in Egyptian wall paintings. Its purpose is to turn up the soil to provide fresh nutrients for new crops and bury old plant material. Until the incorporation of steam engines and tractors, ploughs were pulled by oxen or horses. Steering was controlled by the ploughman, so ploughs needed to be lightweight enough for him to lift. Most were constructed of wood with the later addition of metal blades. 
There are a variety of designs that have been used during the plough's history. The old Norfolk, improved Norfolk, and Somerville are all examples of a moldboard plough. The basic components are the coulter, share, and moldboard. The coulter, or knife, and the share (a wedge at the tip of the moldboard) work together to cut the soil, which is then turned over by the moldboard to form the furrow. The type of furrow is determined by the design of the share. If the edge is level, the furrow will be rectangular. However, if the wing rises higher than the share point, a crested, or trapezoidal, furrow will be formed. The Norfolk models cut a single furrow per run, while Lord Somerville's double plough creates two furrows at a time. 
- Naomi Bean
Plate size: 9" x 6"
Sheet size: 9.5" x 6.25"
Condition: One minor spot/stain (under the word "Agricultural" at top), otherwise excellent.

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