Map of Austria, Italy, Turkey and Greece, 1877, Mitchell
Map of the Austrian Empire, Italian States, Turkey in Europe, and Greece
This hand-colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1877 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. This year was plagued by uprisings and other political turmoil across Europe. Russia and the Ottoman Empire had gone to war with one another. The conflict, dubbed the Russo-Turkish War lasted until 1878. This event had a domino effect in neighboring nations, including Greece. There, the Eprius Revolt of 1878 broke out, led by groups furious at the Ottoman occupation. However, the Greek government - wary of retaliation against the Empire - crushed the rebellion. A year earlier, Russia had acquired the backing of its Austrian neighbors at the Budapest Convention. Eventually, Austro-Hungary and Russia would divide the territories won at the end of the war amongst themselves.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
This original antique map is single paged, as issued, with a plate size of 14" x 11". Published by S.A. Mitchell in 1877.
- Onastasia Youssef
Plate size: 14" x 11"