Map of the Austrian Empire, c. 1860, Fullarton
Austrian Empire, c. 1860, Fullarton
In the Austrian Empire, Franz Joseph I was an absolutist monarch who kept a tight grip on the nation. He had no patience for any disagreement or dissent, particularly from the Hungarians and Italians, whose land he dominated. Although he and the Minister of Interior Baron Alexander von Bach increased their military might in order to suppress revolution, an assassination attempt was made on the king in 1855. By 1860, continuing ethnic conflict in Hungary and war in Italy threatened the Austrian Empire.
The northern region of Italy, Lombardy-Venetia, was under Austrian rule. The Italian government prodded Austria into a war. Austria - which received little support from its Italian residents - had no support or backing in the region, and were crushed time after time again. The defeats humiliated Franz Joseph and his men. Bach was one of many Austrian Ministers to resign, including the Minister of Finance Karl Ludgwig von Bruck, who committed suicide. The revolutions were a haunting echo of the events in Germany only a decade before. To save their Italian territory, the strict Emperor conceded to drawing up a new constitution to appease the Italians and grant them greater control over their local governments.
Despite these efforts, the growing movement for independence in Hungary and an impending war with Prussia would result in the eventual collapse of the German Confederation. The Austrian Empire survived by teaming up with Hungary in 1867 to form the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Together, they formed one of the most powerful nations in the world at the time. Even so, 1867 also marked the loss of Lombardy-Venetia, which is removed from later editions of the Illustrated Atlas as part of Austria after that year as it became part of Italy.
This stunning antique map is taken from the Royal Illustrated Atlas created circa 1860. Archibald Fullarton & Co, a prolific publishing company from Glasgow, Scotland, is the publisher. George Heriot Swanston, a cartographer regularly hired by the publisher, was the engraver. The Royal Illustrated Atlas was one of the last atlases in the world to include decorative vignettes.
- Onastasia Youssef
Sheet size: 23.5" x 19"
Condition: Excellent condition