Map of Colorado, 1884, Mitchell
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Map of Colorado, 1884, Mitchell

Regular price $130.00

This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1884 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. The 1880s was a formative decade for the State of Colorado, only eight years old when this map was created. In 1883 and 1884, state politicians created new counties and renamed or reshaped old ones, as well. New railroads from the East connected the Western region to the rest of the United States. The mining industry, which was a bedrock of the local economy, was an increasingly treacherous one, and miners formed unions and held strikes. Union workers weren't the only people enraged by their mistreatment by the elite. The Ute people, American Indians native to Colorado, had been forced from their homelands and confined to small reservation areas. The lack of resources there often led to death and starvation, and - in the 1880s - many rebelled against the US government and engaged them in war in an effort to reclaim their rights as First People. 

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
- Onastasia Youssef

Plate Size: 14" x 11"

Condition: Excellent condition

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