Map of Denmark by Rapkin, 1851
Denmark by John Rapkin, with illustrations by Henry Warren engraved by James B. Allen, 1851.
Denmark is the southernmost of the Nordic states and is part of the region known as Scandinavia. It lies between the North and Baltic Seas and is comprised of part of the Jutland Peninsula and several islands. Denmark lies south of Norway, southwest of Sweden, and north of Germany. The climate is temperate with mild seasonal variations in temperature. Since the majority of Denmark's border is shoreline, no location in the country is more than thirty miles from the coast. The terrain is fairly flat, with Møllehøj being the highest point at five hundred sixty-one feet above sea level.
Denmark was first united as a kingdom in 965 A.D. by Harald Bluetooth, and included parts of Norway and Sweden. From the eighth to eleventh centuries, the Danish were among those known as Vikings. Due to there skill as shipbuilders and navigators, they began to venture out and explore new lands, such as Iceland and Greenland. They also raided the coasts of England and France, and during the eleventh century England was briefly ruled by the King of Denmark. Following the end of the Viking era and until the thirteenth century Denmark became more centralized, developing a system more closely related to feudalism. In 1397, the Kalmar Union was founded between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, uniting the three kingdoms under one crown. However, the union was not very successful, with Sweden finally breaking away in 1523. Norway and Denmark remained in union together until it was dissolved in 1814 by the Congress of Vienna. In 1849, Denmark peacefully transitioned into a constitutional monarchy, which it remains to this day. Denmark, in 1851, when this map was drawn included all of the Jutland Peninsula. However, after the Second Schleswig War, it was forced to cede what had been the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia. The northern part of Schleswig was reunited with Denmark in 1920, but the remainder of the area belonged to Prussia and is now part of Germany.
The map was drawn and engraved by John Rapkin (1815-1876), who was the principal engraver for John Tallis & Company. The illustrations were drawn by Henry Warren (1794-1879) and engraved by James B. Allen (1803-1876). It was published in The Illustrated Atlas, by John Tallis & Co. The company, which was founded by John Tallis (c.1815-1876), published views and maps in addition to the atlas. He was one of the most popular cartographic printers during the Victorian era, due to the accuracy and decorativeness of many of the his maps. Today Tallis' maps are among the most sought after by collectors, from the nineteenth century.
- Naomi Bean