Map of France, Spain and Portugal, 1880, Mitchell
This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1880 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. Henri, Count of Chambord ruled France until 1883. This decade in France was not only marked by political struggles between the Monarchists and Republicans who argued over Chambord's rule. It was also a tangle of growing industrialism, consumerism and imperialism abroad. Also adding to the tenuous period was the ongoing debate over the involvement of the Catholic Church in state and social affairs. In Spain, the Industrial Revolution had not resulted in prosperity for all. As the iron and steel industries continued to grow, famine plagued the agricultural southern region from 1880 to 1882. Also in this year, King Alfonso XII achieved victory in the Little War with Cuba to the disgruntlement of rebels in the island territory. In France and Spain, a disastrous combination of Nationalist feeling, Imperialist attitudes and the aforementioned domestic struggles would all come to a head in the next century with outbreak of World War I.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
- Onastasia Youssef
Plate Size: 14" x 11"
Condition: Some minor foxing along edges, otherwise in excellent condition