Map of Georgia and Alabama, 1860, Mitchell

Map of Georgia and Alabama, 1860, Mitchell

Regular price $165.00

This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1860 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. Georgia and Alabama are two of the most powerful states in the Deep South. In 1860, the slave population in Alabama increased to over 45% due to its success in the cotton industry, and in Georgia slaves made up a third of the population. Early supporters of secession, Georgia and Alabama were outraged by the election of Abraham Lincoln that year, who they saw as a threat to these slave-based economies. Both officially joined the Confederacy the following year in 1861 - Alabama on January 11th and Georgia following right behind on the 19th. The state of Georgia was the backdrop for some of the war's biggest battles and Alabama supplied most of its able white men to the war effort. At war's end, Georgia was the very last state to rejoin the Union.

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
- Onastasia Youssef

Plate Size: 14" x 11"

Condition: Excellent condition

More from this collection