Map of Ireland and Scotland, 1860, Mitchell
Between 1845 and 1856, the agriculture of both Ireland and Scotland were devastated by the potato famine. Because regions were highly dependent upon the failed crop for survival, over one million people died of malnourishment and starvation in Ireland, while over one million emigrated to America and Canada, resulting in a 25% decrease in Ireland's population. As Scotland is a much smaller region, the death rate was considerably small compared to Ireland; though the population decreased by approximately 33% mostly because the Sottish government and landlords assisted in the emigration of over one million citizens. Throughout the 1860s, Ireland and the highland regions still remained largely affected by the famine, struggling with continuing depopulation. As a result, both nations were much less concerned with cultural changes and politics as they were with maintaining survival.
Plate size: 10" x 13"
Condition: Some foxing, but otherwise in fine antiquarian condition