Map of Ireland and Scotland, 1860, Mitchell
shawgalleries

Map of Ireland and Scotland, 1860, Mitchell

Regular price $100.00

Between 1845 and 1856, the agriculture of both Ireland and Scotland were devastated by the potato famine. Because regions were highly dependent upon the failed crop for survival, over one million people died of malnourishment and starvation in Ireland, while over one million emigrated to America and Canada, resulting in a 25% decrease in Ireland's population. As Scotland is a much smaller region, the death rate was considerably small compared to Ireland; though the population decreased by approximately 33% mostly because the Sottish government and landlords assisted in the emigration of over one million citizens. Throughout the 1860s, Ireland and the highland regions still remained largely affected by the famine, struggling with continuing depopulation. As a result, both nations were much less concerned with cultural changes and politics as they were with maintaining survival.

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

- Mackenzie Pleskovic 

Plate size: 10" x 13"

Condition: Some foxing, but otherwise in fine antiquarian condition


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