Map of Arizona and New Mexico, 1877, Mitchell
This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1867 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. In 1877, one of the native tribes that was considered the biggest threat in Arizona was the Chiricahua Apaches. This tribe was located in between both New Mexico and Arizona. The Chiricahua Apache were moved to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. The Chirichua, being mountain people, hated the dry desert environment of San Carlos. As a result, many began to leave the reservation, even raiding neighboring settlers. Amongst other issues with the reservation, during Geronimo’s War, the famous Apache leader Geronimo, who fought against both Mexico and Arizona’s expansion into the Apache lands, was captured and brought to the San Carlos Apache Indian reservation.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
Condition: Some foxing, but otherwise in fine condition