Map of France, Spain and Portugal, 1862, Mitchell
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Map of France, Spain and Portugal, 1862, Mitchell

Regular price $210.00

Map of France, Spain and Portugal, 1862, Mitchell

France was under rule by the Second French Empire, led by Napoleon III. At this time, the empire was focused on invading Mexico, claiming that an invasion of Mexico with a broad foreign policy that had dedication to free trade. Napoleon III believed that having an amicable government in Mexico would open Latin American markets to the rest of Europe. Such a claim gained his movement the favor of the Spanish government, as well as the crown of Great Britain, whom joined France in a coalition while the US was still in the midst of the Civil War. The three nations signed the Treaty of London on October 31st, 1861, uniting their efforts to receive payments from Mexico. On December 8th of that same year, the Spanish arrived in Veracruz. However, when Great Britain and Spain found out that France intended a takeover of all of Mexico, they withdrew. The invasion of Mexico by France created the Second Mexican Empire, which lasted from 1862 to 1867. 

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

- Ashe Nicholson

Plate size: 11.75" x 14"

Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition


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