Map of Hindoostan, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Map of Hindoostan, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

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Map of Hindoostan, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

At this time, India was introduced to moves of technological and social improvement during the early 1850s. The first social improvement came when the railroad lines were built in India in 1850. These lines extended from Haora to the coalfields in Raniganj, Bihar. Electrical telegraph lines laid down in Bengal soon followed in 1851 as the next social improvement, with the lines eventually inking together various cities such as Agra, Bombay, Calcutta, Lahore and Varanasi. The third social improvement within India was the merging of three postal services in 1854 to form one postal system. This was meant to create one, uniform method of communication all across India. These three social improvements helped maintain an illusion of British prominence, as the increased opennesss of communication and travel primarily served British interests within India.

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.

- Ashe Nicholson

Plate size: 15.5" x 12.75"

Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition

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