Map of Hindoostan, Farther India, China and Tibet, 1860, Mitchell
In 1860, Vietnam was in the midst of the Siege of Saigon. Saigon held great strategic importance to the French and the Spanish, as it was a gateway into Cochinchina. However, France’s capture of Saigon proved to be as hollow of a victory as the French’s previous conquests in the region; the forces at Saigon were too small to venture out of its defenses, with the French being distracted with Austro-Sardinian War. In addition, much of France’s forces were battling over in China, leaving defenses in Saigon low. Thus, they were unable to maintain their garrisons in Da Nang and Saigon, and as a result, in March of 1860, the Franco-Spanish forces were placed under siege by a Vietnamese force of 10,000 men. The siege lasted about 11 months until France’s victory in the battle of Ky Hoa 1861, which finally lifted to siege.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
- Ashe Nicholson
Dimensions: 14" x 11.5"
Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition