Map of Mexico & Guatemala, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Map of Mexico & Guatemala, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

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A New Map of Maryland and Delaware, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

In 1850, a stalemate had been reached in the Caste War of Yucatan, sparked by the revolt by the Mayans in that region. Though they had taken control of Southeast Yucatan, they decided to continue the struggle thanks to their belief in an apparition known as the "Talking Cross." The talking cross was an apparition, which allowed the Mayans to talk to God. The followers of the Talking Cross, known as the cruzob, claimed that this Talking Cross spirit wanted the war to continue. Chan Santa Cruz, which had been established as the capital of the independent Mayan state, became the political and religious center of the Mayan resistance. Chan Santa Cruz would become one of the largest independent Mayan states, spanning from north of Tulum to the border of Belize and even expanding onto a distant island. 

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
- Ashe Nicholson

Plate size: 14.5" x 11.5"

Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition

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