Map of North America, 1860, Mitchell
The year 1860 in North America was marked by division both in the United States and Mexico. In Mexico, the Reform War raged on between Liberals and Conservatives. These two factions fought over whether their country would become a more secular nation with reduced military influence or a traditional European-style government dominated by religion and the army. In December 1860, conservative leader General Miramon surrendered. In the United States, the 1860 presidential election was perhaps the most influential of the 19th century. For Southerners, Republican Lincoln's victory was a sign of imminent doom for their slave-based economy and aristocratic lifestyle. Lincoln's election - successful because of so much political division amongst Democrats in the South - was the direct cause for the outbreak of one of the United States' bloodiest conflicts: the Civil War. Although the war did not officially begin until 1861, some Confederate states began to secede as early as December 1860.Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
Plate size: 11" x 14"
Condition: Some foxing, but otherwise in fine antiquarian condition