Map of Oceanica, 1860, Mitchell and Cowperthwait
shawgalleries

Map of Oceanica, 1860, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Regular price $160.00
Map of Oceanica, 1860, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Major nations in the Oceanic region were New Zealand and Australia, both colonies of the British Empire at this time. In colonial Australia, the 1860s was the decade of bushrangers and the gold rush. The prosperity of the gold rush encouraged immigrants from around the world to move to Australian shores. However, European colonists were often xenophobic due to their jealousy of the success of hard-working and organized Chinese miners. This led to the violent Lambing Flat riots in New South Wales from 1860 to 1861. In the most shocking and violent of the disturbances at the Burrangong Goldfield, European miners forcefully removed the Chinese workers from the goldfield and destroyed the tents. These riots were ultimately unsuccessful as treaties between Britain and China protected the rights of Chinese of the colonies. 

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
- Onastasia Youssef

Plate size: 15.5" x 13"  

Condition: In excellent condition

More from this collection