Map of Oregon, Washington, and Part of Idaho, 1860, Mitchell
A New Map of Oregon, Washington, and Part of Idaho, 1860, Mitchell and Cowperthwait
Only a year before this map was published, Oregon had just become a state of the Union, with Washington and Idaho still considered Washington Territory until 1889 and 1890. While the first gold rush of these states occurred at Josephine Creek in Southwest Oregon in 1850 and 1851, it wasn't until 1860 that Washington and Idaho would discover gold on their land. The Clearwater Gold Rush in Idaho, and the Fort Colville Gold Rush near Colville, Washington happened in 1860 at the time of this map's publication. As mining settlers poured into these western tribal lands, the population in these states doubled as miners scrambled to obtain their riches.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
Plate size: 13.5" x 11"
Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition