Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Part of Montana, 1860, Mitchell
Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Part of Montana, 1860, Mitchell
Only a year before this map was published, Oregon had just become a state of the Union, with Washington and Idaho still considered Washington Territory until 1889 and 1890. While the first gold rush of these states occurred at Josephine Creek in Southwest Oregon in 1850 and 1851, it wasn't until 1860 that Washington and Idaho would discover gold on their land. The Clearwater Gold Rush in Idaho, and the Fort Colville Gold Rush near Colville, Washington happened in 1860 at the time of this map's publication. As mining settlers poured into these western tribal lands, the population in these states doubled as miners scrambled to obtain their riches.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. This map was published in Mitchell's New General Atlas, which replaced the earlier New Universal Atlas.
- Mackenzie Pleskovic
Plate size: 13.5" x 11"
Condition: Minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition