Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Part of Montana, 1877, Mitchell
Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Part of Montana, 1877, Mitchell
With the gold rush already booming in these states since 1860, and mining districts in high demand of labor, settlers poured into these western tribal regions. Using the Bozeman Trail, which connected the gold rush territory of Montana to the Oregon Trail, the continuous flow of settlers scrambling to obtain gold brought about attacks from the indigenous Indians, whose lands were being invaded. In 1877 - the same year that this map was published - Crazy Horse, a Lakota leader of the Indians, went into battle against the US government for forcing his people onto reservations. He was killed after being captured by the US army in battle. With the threat of Indian attacks eliminated, the Black Hills regions in Montana continued to crowd with gold mining settlers.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. This map was published in Mitchell's New General Atlas, which replaced the earlier New Universal Atlas.
- Mackenzie Pleskovic
Plate size: 13.5" x 11"
Condition: In excellent condition