Map of Palestine, 1864, Mitchell
In the year of 1864, Palestine was still a part of Ottoman Syria, experiencing effects from the ongoing Tanzimat reforms. The reforms included the Vilayet law passed in 1864, which for standard provincial administration throughout the empire, transforming eyalets into vilayets. The vilayets were the provinces; each vilayet was divided into smaller units (Sanjaks). Sanjaks had a city center, but also contained smaller administrative unit, or kazas. The original purpose of kazas was to designate areas of jurisdiction for individual Shari’a courts. Kazas could be organized and reorganized at the discretion of the administration. Nahiyes (village clusters) and karyes (villages) could be moved around between kazas with ease. Each vilayet was governed by a vali, appointed by the imperial Porte. Each of the new provincial assemblies participated within the Ottoman administration.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
- Ashe Nicholson
Dimensions: 12" x 14.5"
Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition