Map of Russia in Europe, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Map of Russia in Europe, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Regular price $210.00

Map of Russia in Europe, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

During the 1850s, Russia was entangled in the Crimean War, emerging in 1853 as the result of conflict of the Great Powers in the Middle East, instigated by Russia, who sought to protect Orthodox Christianity in the Ottoman Empire. In addition, the decline of the Ottoman Empire spread fears of further Russian expansion onto Ottoman territories within the rest of Europe. Turkey would officially declare war on Russia on October of 1853 in opposition to Russia's occupation of the Danubian Principalities (modern-day Romania) on the Russo-Turkish Border. In March of 1854, Britain and France declared war on Russia. Later that year, British and French troops would enter Crimea and lay a year long siege to Sevastopol. France and Britain would continue to defeat Russia until September of 1855, three days after the French assault on Malakhov, when the Russian evacuated Sevastopol. Fearing that Austria would also join the war, Russia agreed to peace terms in February of 1856, negotiating until March 30th of that year. Russia would have to cede southern Bessarabia on the mouth of the Danube, the Danube River was opened for shipping to all nations.

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.

- Ashe Nicholson

Plate size: 10.75" x 12.5"

Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition

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