Map of Scotland, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Map of Scotland, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Regular price $220.00

Map of Scotland, 1850, Mitchell and Cowperthwait

Between 1845 and 1856, the agriculture of both Ireland and Scotland were devastated by the potato famine. Because regions were highly dependent upon the failed crop for survival, over one million people died of malnourishment and starvation in Ireland, and over one million emigrated to America and Canada. As Scotland is a much smaller region, the death rate was considerably less compared to Ireland; though, the population decreased by approximately 33% mostly because the Scottish government and landlords assisted in the emigration of over one million citizens. The highland regions remained largely affected by the famine, struggling with continuing depopulation; though, cultural changes and politics proved much less of a concern compared to maintain survival. 

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
- Mackenzie Pleskovic

Plate size: 10" x 12"

Condition: Some minor foxing, but otherwise in excellent condition

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