Map of the Plan of Boston, 1860, Mitchell
Plan of Boston, 1860, Mitchell
This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1860 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior.
This plan of Boston reflects the sprawling origins of the city, which grew organically, rather than according to a grid plan like New York City. However, the city is well known for its beautiful architecture and serene public parks. In the late 1800s, as industrialism reached its peak and American cities became crowded with filth and dirt from factories and overcrowding, the growing middle class were looking for an escape. One solution was the creation of city parks, which boomed in the 1830s and 40s.
There, in the middle of the city, locals could enjoy a clean patch of land away from dirt and grime without the expense of traveling. The Public Garden - depicted on the left of this map of Boston - was initially a plot of land set aside for public use in 1837, but the actual building of the park was not approved until late 1859 and commenced in 1860. The garden is today a Boston landmark that makes up part of Frederick Law Olmstead's Emerald Necklace that connected the Public Garden and Boston's first public park, the Common, shown at right of the Public Garden.Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
This original antique map is single paged, as issued, with a plate size of 9" x 11". Published in Pennsylvania by S.A. Mitchell Jr. in 1860.
Condition: Excellent condition