Map of North and South Carolina, 1878, Mitchell
This hand colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1878 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. Published during the Reconstruction Era of the United States, it was a period of radical policy change in the former Confederate states. Following the Civil War, President Ulysses S. Grant supported the radical Republicans that desired to impose drastic changes and improve quality of life for African Americans in the South. In North and South Carolina, local governments were replaced by the US Army and Republican representatives. This power shift was opposed by loyal confederates and extremist groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan, who limited improvements in the social and economic status of African-Americans by continuing their campaign of hatred and discrimination.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company was founded sometime in the early 1800s by Joseph Thomas and Hulings Cowperthwait. It operated under this name until 1853. The following year the company name changed to Cowperthwait, Desilver, and Butler. However, this configuration only lasted for about a year, before it became H. Cowperthwait & Company in 1856. After 1860, it appears the company experienced several more alterations, before ceasing publication at the end of the century.
This original antique map is single-paged, as issued, with a plate size of 14" x 11". Published in Pennsylvania by S.A. Mitchell in 1878.
- Mackenzie Pleskovic
Plate size: 14" x 11"
Condition: Excellent condition.