Map of Russia, Sweden and Norway, 1860, Mitchell
This hand-colored map is a steel plate engraving dating to 1860 by American mapmaker Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Junior. 1860 was the beginning of an influential decade in Russian history. Tsar Alexander II was in power, and only a year later in 1861 would free over twenty million serfs across the great nation. The innovative tsar also increased economic stability and made sweeping reforms to education. While Russia remained a primarily rural country, Sweden modernized drastically after 1860. Since many former farm laborers were replaced by new technology, Swedes went to the cities for work and some migrated to America in search of greater employment. In Norway, the nation experienced a decade of positivity that included social reform for women and an increasingly distinct national identity aided by a Romantic movement that glorified Norwegian legends, literature and art.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (1792-1868) turned his attention to mapmaking in the 1830s, due to his dissatisfaction with available school maps. He developed a map publishing business that would make him and later his son the most prominent American map publishers of the nineteenth century. By collaborating with prominent mapmakers and engravers of the day, such as James H. Young and Henry S. Tanner, Mitchell ensured that the maps he published were of the highest quality. During the 1850s, he partnered with Thomas, Cowperthwait, & Company to publish his A New Universal Atlas and his General Atlas. In 1860, his son Samuel Augustus, Jr, joined the company and he ensured that the Mitchell name remained an important one well into the 1880s.
This original antique map is single paged, as issued, with a plate size of 14" x 11". Published by S.A. Mitchell in 1860.
Plate size: 14" x 11"
Condition: Excellent condition