The Appearance of Christ to St. Peter by Carracci, 1833
The Appearance of Christ to St. Peter by Annibale Carracci, engraved by H. Robinson, 1833.
This is an engraving of Carracci's Quo vadis, Domine?, which was painted in 1601, and now hangs in the National Gallery, London. The narrative being depicted is from the non-canonical Acts of Peter. According to the story Christ appeared to Peter as he was attempting to flee from Rome. Peter asks the Lord, "Quo vadis, Domine?" (Where are you going, Master?). Jesus replied, "Going to Rome to be crucified again." This encounter gave Peter the strength he needed to return to Rome and accept his martyrdom. Peter was crucified upside down during the reign of Emperor Nero. His remains are believed to be buried under the alter of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Annibale Carracci (1560-2609) was an Italian Baroque painter from Bologna. Little is known about his training as an artist, but he was most likely taught by other members of his family. In 1582, he and his brother Agostino, along with their cousin Ludovico, established a painting studio. Their style combined the fine draftsmanship of the Florentine painters, like Raphael, with the colors and effects of the Venetian painters, like Titian. This would become a key element of the Bolognese School. Carracci excelled at fresco painting but he worked in a variety of media. While he is perhaps best known for his work at the Palazzo Farnese, he did not confine himself solely to history painting. He also painted landscapes, genre scenes, and portraits. Carracci is buried next to Raphael in the Pantheon. Several of his students had very successful careers and became the leading artists of their time.
- Naomi Bean